What Is The Difference Between Abstraction And Encapsulation?

What is abstraction in simple words?

Abstraction (from the Latin abs, meaning away from and trahere , meaning to draw) is the process of taking away or removing characteristics from something in order to reduce it to a set of essential characteristics.

Abstraction is related to both encapsulation and data hiding..

Why is abstraction needed?

The main purpose of abstraction is hiding the unnecessary details from the users. Abstraction is selecting data from a larger pool to show only relevant details of the object to the user. It helps in reducing programming complexity and efforts. It is one of the most important concepts of OOPs.

How do you implement encapsulation in OOPs?

How to implement encapsulation in java: 1) Make the instance variables private so that they cannot be accessed directly from outside the class. You can only set and get values of these variables through the methods of the class. 2) Have getter and setter methods in the class to set and get the values of the fields.

What is encapsulation with example in OOPs?

Encapsulation is an Object Oriented Programming concept that binds together the data and functions that manipulate the data, and that keeps both safe from outside interference and misuse. The best example of encapsulation could be a calculator. …

What is difference between abstraction and encapsulation in C# with example?

Abstraction is used for hiding the unwanted data and giving onlyrelevant data. Encapsulation is hiding the code and data into a single unit toprotect the data from outer world. … Encapsulation means hiding the internal details or mechanics of howan object does something. Abstraction is outer layout in terms of design.

What is the difference between abstraction and polymorphism?

Abstraction is abstraction. Class ‘Student’ is an abstraction of a real student. Polymorphism is when one class represents another so that user won’t notice. This could happen when classes implement the same interface or one class derives from another.

What is an example of encapsulation?

Encapsulation in Java is a process of wrapping code and data together into a single unit, for example, a capsule which is mixed of several medicines. … Now we can use setter and getter methods to set and get the data in it. The Java Bean class is the example of a fully encapsulated class.

Why is money an example of abstraction?

The worth of that money, is defined in your mind. It exists no where else, hence money is kind of abstract since it’s worth is only in the mind. That bank note is not money, it’s a representation of how much money it’s worth.

What is the purpose of encapsulation?

Encapsulation is one of the fundamentals of OOP (object-oriented programming). It refers to the bundling of data with the methods that operate on that data. Encapsulation is used to hide the values or state of a structured data object inside a class, preventing unauthorized parties’ direct access to them.

What is an example of abstraction?

Abstraction in the real world Making coffee with a coffee machine is a good example of abstraction. You need to know how to use your coffee machine to make coffee.

Can we achieve abstraction without encapsulation?

Encapsulation is definitely possible without inheritance. … Abstraction and Polymorphism, however, are directly related to inheritance. Abstraction is when you take away the implementation details of an object and create an abstract class or an interface (speaking in terms of Java).

What is abstraction and encapsulation give real life example?

Both abstraction and encapsulation are underlying foundations of object oriented thought and design. So, in our cell phone example. The notion of a smart phone is an abstraction, within which certain features and services are encapsulated. The iPhone and Galaxy are further abstractions of the higher level abstraction.

What is the best example of encapsulation?

Another example of encapsulation is a capsule. Basically, capsule encapsulate several combinations of medicine. If combinations of medicine are variables and methods then the capsule will act as a class and the whole process is called Encapsulation.

What are the 4 basics of OOP?

Definition of OOP Concepts in Java They are an abstraction, encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism.

What is polymorphism in oops?

Polymorphism is one of the core concepts in OOP languages. It describes the concept that different classes can be used with the same interface. Each of these classes can provide its own implementation of the interface. Java supports two kinds of polymorphism. You can overload a method with different sets of parameters.